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Chat SDKs JavaScript v4
Chat SDKs JavaScript
Chat SDKs
Version 4

Local caching

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Local caching enables Sendbird Chat SDK for JavaScript to locally cache and retrieve group channel and message data. Its benefits include reducing refresh time and allowing a client app to create a channel list or a chat view that can work online as well as offline, which can be used for offline messaging.

You can enable local caching when initializing the Chat SDK by setting the optional parameter localCacheEnabled to true. See Initialize the Chat SDK and Connect to the Sendbird server to learn more.

Local caching relies on the groupChannelCollection and messageCollection classes, which are used to build a channel list view and a chat view, respectively. Collections are designed to react to the events that can cause changes in a view. An event controller in the SDK oversees such events and passes them to a relevant collection. For example, if a new group channel is created while the current user is looking at a chat view, the current view won't be affected by this event.

Note: Sendbird Chat SDK v4 supports both TypeScript and JavaScript.

Functionalities by topic

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The following is a list of functionalities our Chat SDK supports.

Using group channel collection

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FunctionalityDescriptionOpen channelGroup channel

Group channel collection

Keeps the client app's channel list synced with that on the Sendbird server.

Using message collection

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FunctionalityDescriptionOpen channelGroup channel

Message collection

Keeps the client app's chat view synced with that on the Sendbird server.


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GroupChannelCollection allows you to swiftly create a channel list view that stays up to date on all channel-related events. It contains the following functions and variables.

const groupChannelFilter = new GroupChannelFilter();
groupChannelFilter.includeEmpty = true;

const params = {
        filter: groupChannelFilter,
        order: GroupChannelListOrder.LATEST_LAST_MESSAGE,
const collection = sb.groupChannel.createGroupChannelCollection(params);

const handler = {
        onChannelsAdded: (context, channels) => {
                // Add new channels to your data source.
        onChannelsUpdated: (context, channels) => {
                // Update the existing channels in your data source.
        onChannelsDeleted: (context, channelUrls) => {
                // Delete the channels with the matching channelUrls from your data source.

const channels = await collection.loadMore();

When the createGroupChannelCollection() method is called, the group channel data stored in the local cache and the Sendbird server are fetched and sorted based on the value of order and filter.

The setGroupChannelCollectionHandler() method allows you to set the event listeners that can subscribe to channel-related events.

As for pagination, hasMore checks if there are more group channels to load whenever a user hits the bottom of the channel list. If so, loadMore() retrieves those channels from the local cache and the Sendbird server.

To learn more about the collection and how to create a channel list view with it, see Create a collection.


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MessageCollection allows you to swiftly create a chat view that includes all data. It is composed of the following elements.

const filter = new MessageFilter();
const limit = 100;
const collection = channel.createMessageCollection({

const handler = {
        onMessagesAdded: (context, channel, messages) => {
                // Add the messages to your data source.
        onMessagesUpdated: (context, channel, messages) => {
                // Update the messages in your data source.
        onMessagesDeleted: (context, channel, messageIds) => {
                // Remove the messages from the data source.
        onChannelUpdated: (context, channel) => {
                // Change the chat view with the updated channel information.
        onChannelDeleted: (context, channelUrl) => {
                // This is called when a channel was deleted. So the current chat view should be cleared.
        onHugeGapDetected: () => {
                // The Chat SDK detects more than 300 messages missing.

const startingPoint = Date.now();
        .initialize(MessageCollectionInitPolicy.CACHE_AND_REPLACE_BY_API, startingPoint)
        .onCacheResult((err, messages) => {
                // Messages will be retrieved from the local cache.
                // They might be too outdated or far from the startingPoint.
        .onApiResult((err, messages) => {
                // Messages will be retrieved from the Sendbird server through API.
                // According to MessageCollectionInitPolicy.CACHE_AND_REPLACE_BY_API,
                // the existing data source needs to be cleared
                // before adding retrieved messages to the local cache.

if (collection.hasPrevious) {
        // Load the previous messages when the scroll
        // reaches the first message in the chat view.
        const messages = await collection.loadPrevious()

if (collection.hasNext) {
        // Load the next messages when the scroll
        // reaches the last message in the chat view.
        const messages = collection.loadNext();

In MessageCollection, the initialization is dictated by MessageCollectionInitPolicy. This determines which data to use for the collection. Currently, we only support CACHE_AND_REPLACE_BY_API. According to this policy, the collection will load the messages stored in the local cache through onCachedResult(). Then onApiResult() will be called to replace them with the messages fetched from the Sendbird server through an API request.

As for pagination, hasNext checks if there are more messages to load whenever a user hits the bottom of the chat view. If there are, the loadNext() method retrieves those messages from the local cache. The hasPrevious accessor works the same way when the scroll reaches the least recent message in the view.

To learn more about the collection and how to create a chat view with it, see Create a collection.

Gap and synchronization

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A gap is created when messages or channels that exist on the Sendbird server are missing from the local cache. Such discrepancy occurs when a client app isn't able to properly load new events due to connectivity issues. To prevent such a gap, the Chat SDK constantly communicates with the Sendbird server and fetches data through synchronization, pulling a chunk of messages before and after startingPoint.

Such gap can significantly widen if a user has been offline for a long time. If more than 300 messages are missing in the local cache compared to the Sendbird server, Sendbird Chat SDK classifies this as a huge gap and onHugeGapDetected is called. In case of a huge gap, it is more effective to discard the existing message collection and create a new one. On the other hand, a relatively small gap created when the SDK was offline can be filled in through changelog sync.

Database management

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You can configure how much space in local cache Sendbird Chat SDK can use for its database and in which order to clear the cached data when it reaches the limit. The LocalCacheConfig class helps you manage the local cache settings and it can be passed as a params instance during SDK initialization.


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The LocalCacheConfig class has two properties related to database management, which are maxSize and clearOrder.

The maxSize property sets the size limit for cached data. The default value of maxSize is 256 MB, but you can choose a value between 64 MB and Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER. Once the database reaches its limit, the SDK starts to clear cached messages according to clearOrder.

Note: The minimum value for maxSize is 64 MB. If you specify a value lower than 64 MB, the value is systematically changed to 64MB.

The clearOrder property determines which data to clear first when local cache hits the limit. You can use the default setting, CachedDataClearOrder.MESSAGE_COLLECTION_ACCESSED_AT, to clear cached messages of a group channel based on the time when the current user accessed the channel's MessageCollection instance. The longer the current user hasn't accessed the instance, the sooner it is removed. Or you can set it to CachedDataClearOrder.CUSTOM and customize the settings with customClearOrderComparator. You can use CachedBaseChannelInfo for the comparator to determine which cached data to clear first.

Note: If clearOrder is set to CachedDataClearOrder.CUSTOM but customClearOrderComparator isn't implemented, the SDK uses the default value of CachedDataClearOrder.MESSAGE_COLLECTION_ACCESSED_AT instead.

    appId: APP_ID,
    localCacheEnabled: true,
    localCacheConfig: new LocalCacheConfig({
    maxSize: 256,          // The value is in MB.
        clearOrder: CachedDataClearOrder.CUSTOM,
        customClearOrderComparator: (a, b) => {
            return a.cachedMessageCount - b.cachedMessageCount;     // CachedBaseChannelInfo contains the group channel's info such as cachedMessageCount.
    modules: [
        new GroupChannelModule(),

How it works

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Once LocalCacheConfig is set, Sendbird Chat SDK checks the size of cached data through getCachedDataSize() when the connect() method is called with the current user's user_id for the first time after the SDK initialization. When the cached database size reaches its maxSize value, clearCachedMessages() is called to clear messages in the database according to clearOrder as explained above. You can use either the default setting, MESSAGE_COLLECTION_ACCESSED_AT, or your own CUSTOM order to clear data in local cache.

If you wish to clear all cached data at once, use clearCachedData().

Data encryption

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Data in local cache can be encrypted for data protection and security. By default, the Chat SDK doesn't encrypt the cached data. However, you can implement encryption and decryption functionalities using a third party library of your choice. The code snippet below uses CyrptoJS, demonstrating how to set the localCacheEncryption key and value during the Chat SDK initialization.

const ENCRYPTION_KEY = 'encryption-key';
const sendbird = SendbirdChat.init({
  appId: appInfo.appId,
  localCacheEnabled: true,
    encrypt: (rawData) => {
      const encryptedData = CryptoJS.AES.encrypt(JSON.stringify(rawData), ENCRYPTION_KEY).toString();
      return { key: encryptedData };
    decrypt: (encryptedData) => {
      const decryptedData = CryptoJS.AES.decrypt(encryptedData.key, ENCRYPTION_KEY).toString(CryptoJS.enc.Utf8);
      return JSON.parse(decryptedData);
  customApiHost: API_HOST,
  customWebSocketHost: WS_HOST,
  logLevel: LogLevel.WARNING,
  modules: [
    new GroupChannelModule(),

Note: CyrptoJS is an external 3rd party library and is not endorsed by Sendbird.

Auto resend

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A message is normally sent through the WebSocket connection which means the connection must be secured and confirmed before sending any message. With local caching, you can temporarily keep an unsent message in the local cache if the WebSocket connection is lost. The Chat SDK with local caching marks the failed message as pending, stores it locally, and automatically resends the pending message when the WebSocket is reconnected. This is called auto resend.

The following cases are eligible for auto resend.

  • A user message couldn't be sent because the WebSocket connection was lost even before it was established.

  • A file message couldn't upload the attached file to the Sendbird server.

  • An attached file was uploaded to the Sendbird server but the file message itself couldn't be sent because the WebSocket connection was closed.

User message

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A user message is sent through the WebSocket. If a message couldn't be sent because the WebSocket connection was lost, the Chat SDK receives an error through a callback and queues the pending message in the local cache for auto resend. When the client app is reconnected, the SDK then attempts to resend the message.

If the message is successfully sent, the client app receives a response from the Sendbird server. Then onMessagesUpdated is called to change the pending message to a sent message in the data source and updates the chat view.

File message

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A file message can be sent through either the WebSocket connection or an API request.

When sending a file message, the attached file must be uploaded to the Sendbird server as an HTTP request. To do so, the Chat SDK checks the status of the network connection. If the network isn't connected, the file can't be uploaded to the server. In this case, the SDK handles the file message as a pending message and adds to the queue for auto resend.

If the network is connected and the file is successfully uploaded to the server, its URL is delivered in a response and the SDK replaces the file with its URL. At first, the SDK attempts to send the message through the WebSocket. If the WebSocket connection is lost, the client app checks the network connection once again to make another HTTP request for the message. If the SDK detects the network as disconnected, it gets an error code that marks the message as a pending message, allowing the message to be automatically resent when the network is reconnected.

On the other hand, if the network is connected but the HTTP request fails, the message isn't eligible for auto resend.

If the message is successfully sent, the client app receives a response from the Sendbird server. Then onMessagesUpdated is called to change the pending message to a sent message in the data source and updates the chat view.

Failed message

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If a message couldn't be sent due to some other error, onMessagesUpdated is called to re-label the pending message as a failed message. Messages labeled as such can't be queued for auto resend. The following shows some of these errors.


Note: A pending message can last in the queue only for three days. If the WebSocket connection is back online after three days, the onMessagesUpdated method is called to mark any three-day-old pending messages as failed messages.